• Day66

    Chichen Itza

    October 2 in Mexico ⋅ ⛅ 29 °C

    Wir sind bereits um 06:00 in Mérida losgefahren, um dem zu erwartenden Touristenstau in “Chichen Itza”* aus dem Weg zu gehen. Der Guide und auch die Monumente waren sehr gut. Wir hatten eine brühende Hitze und sind um 11:00 weiter gefahren, als der Besucheransturm an größten war.

    Schwimmen im “cenote of Ik Kil”* haben wir ausfallen lassen. Aber diese natürlichen Löcher mit Wasser sind enorm. Davon soll es viele in der Region geben. Auch das “Blue Hole” im flachen Meer vor der Küste von Belize ist so ein Loch, nur das es mit Meerwasser bedeckt ist.

    * Chichen Itza was a major focal point in the Northern Maya Lowlands from the Late Classic (c. AD 600–900) through the Terminal Classic (c. AD 800–900) and into the early portion of the Postclassic period (c. AD 900–1200). The site exhibits a multitude of architectural styles, reminiscent of styles seen in central Mexico and of the Puuc and Chenes styles of the Northern Maya lowlands. The presence of central Mexican styles was once thought to have been representative of direct migration or even conquest from central Mexico, but most contemporary interpretations view the presence of these non-Maya styles more as the result of cultural diffusion. Chichen Itza was one of the largest Maya cities and it was likely to have been one of the mythical great cities, or Tollans, referred to in later Mesoamerican literature. The city may have had the most diverse population in the Maya world, a factor that could have contributed to the variety of architectural styles at the site.
    * A cenote (English: /sɪˈnoʊti/ or /sɛˈnoʊteɪ/; American Spanish: [seˈnote]) is a natural pit, or sinkhole, resulting from the collapse of limestone bedrock that exposes groundwater underneath. Especially associated with the Yucatán Peninsula of Mexico, cenotes were sometimes used by the ancient Maya for sacrificial offerings.
    * cenote of Ik Kil is a cenote outside Pisté in the Tinúm Municipality, Yucatán, Mexico. It is located in the northern center of the Yucatán Peninsula and is part of the Ik Kil Archeological Park near Chichen Itza. It is open to the public for swimming and is often included in bus tours. The cenote is open to the sky with the water level about 26 metres (85 ft) below ground level. There is a carved stairway down to a swimming platform. The cenote is about 60 metres (200 ft) in diameter and about 40 metres (130 ft) deep.

    Koordinaten: 20°41′1″ N 88°34′22″ W
    Höhe: 30 müN

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    Text von Wolfgang
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