Bolivia
Tiwanaku

Here you’ll find travel reports about Tiwanaku. Discover travel destinations in Bolivia of travelers writing a travel blog on FindPenguins.

15 travelers at this place:

  • Day4

    Tiwanaku, Bolivie

    April 27, 2017 in Bolivia

    Pour éviter de passer trop de temps à La Paz, entre Uyuni et le lac Titicaca, nous avons été visiter les ruines de Tiwanaku.

    Bien qu'il ne reste plus grand chose de ce grand ensemble religieux et administratif du peuple Tiwanaku,  on ne peut qu'être impressionné par cette civilisation disparue, qui a été puissante pendant presque 3000 ans avant sa disparition mystérieuse vers 1200 ans après JC. Ils étaient très forts en architecture,  en astronomie,  en anatomie, en mathématiques... Leurs descendants se sont séparés en plusieurs communautés: les quechuas (dont les incas ont pris la langue),  les aymaras et bien d'autres... On dit que Hergé s'est inspiré de ce site pour écrire le Temple du Soleil.Read more

  • Day32

    West wall of Akapana Pyramid

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    On the Western side of the pyramid, parts of the wall has been preserved and shows different levels of sofistication in their making. The lowest level is the most symmetric with every pillar alternating with 7 blocks of stones. The level above had extremely closely matched stones with perfect alignment. The 3rd level is more like piles of stones and is predicted from the later era when they started reusing stones from earlier works.Read more

  • Day32

    Faces in the Semi-Subterranean Temple

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    There are many theories regarding the faces in the wall of the Semi-Subterranean temple. One of them proposes these were faces of the chiefs of the tribes and kept getting replaced when they were removed or died and new ones took their place. Some of them seem to be wearing the ceremonial textile around their heads that used to elongate their skulls so that they look different than normal masses. Typically these elite would also have ears and nose piercings and tattoos all over the back and shoulders.
    Some of the faces, particularly the ones in white are oval with huge eyes and have been the reasons for one of the theories that links these people to ancient aliens.
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  • Day32

    Sun Gate

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    The object is approximately 3.0 m tall and 4.0 m wide, and is constructed from a single piece of stone. The weight is estimated to be 10 tons. When rediscovered by European explorers in the mid-19th century, the megalith was lying horizontally and had a large crack through it. It presently stands in the location where it was found, although it is believed that this is not its original site, which remains uncertain.
    The lintel is carved with 48 squares surrounding a central figure. Each square represents a character in the form of winged effigy. There are 32 effigies with human faces and 16 with condors' heads. All look to the central motif: the figure of a man with his head surrounded by 24 linear rays that may represent rays of the sun. The styled staffs held by the figure apparently symbolize thunder and lightning. Some historians and archaeologists believe that the central figure represents the “Sun God”, while others have linked it with the Inca god Viracocha.
    Although there have been various modern interpretations of the mysterious inscriptions found on the object, the carvings that decorate the gate are believed to possess astronomical and/or astrological significance and may have served a calendrical purpose.
    One theory states, its the chief in the middle and smaller chieftains all around. Others theorize it represents the months of the year and the time to grow different crops etc.

    After this, we had our lunch break before continuing to Pumapunku.
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  • Day32

    Pumapunku

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    The Pumapunku is a man-made platform built on an east–west axis like the Akapana. It is a rectangular, terraced earthen mound faced with megalithic blocks. It is 167.36 m wide along its north–south axis and 116.7 m broad along its east–west axis, and is 5 m tall. Identical 20-meter-wide projections extend 27.6 meters north and south from the northeast and southeast corners of the Pumapunku. Walled and unwalled courts and an esplanade are associated with this structure.
    Most of the structure still lies under the ground with very few parts excavated yet. The blocks of stones are carved from a very hard volcanic stone but still have very precise angles and sides. There are even niches cut as rectangles with perfect 90 degrees angles.
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  • Day32

    Tiwanaku Tour

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    Today, we had booked a tour of Tiwanaku area. Tiwanaku (also written as Tiahuanaco or Tiahuanacu) is a Pre-Columbian archaeological site in western Bolivia. The culture was flourishing around 1000 BC to 700 AD. It seemed to be the most regarded civilization before the Incas. Most probably, the inhabitants of the Uros floating islands in the lake Titicaca are the direct descendents of these people. The Aymaras used to form the lower strata of the society under these people.
    The name by which Tiwanaku was known to its inhabitants may have been lost as they had no written language. The ancient inhabitants of Tiwanaku are believed to have spoken the Puquina language.

    As planned, we were ready in the morning at 8 am and carried our bags over to the Plaza Murillo where we were supposed to be picked up at 8:30 am. The trip cost had been 210 b$ per person and included the 100 b$ charge for the foreign tourists and 35 b$ for the breakfast. We didn't plan to return to La Paz amd instead had planned to take a bus to Copacabana on the way back, so we even had our big bags with us.
    The road was in pretty good condition with not much ascent or descent. Tiwanaku is at 3870 mts above sea level. We reached there around 11 am and visited the museum 1st.
    The museum had all the artifacts that have been found in that area but no photos are allowed inside.
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  • Day32

    Akapana Pyramid

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    The people of Tiwanaku created 3 main structures, each dedicated to the 3 sacred places they had - sky, earth and the underground.
    For the sky, they created the Akapana Pyramid at an elevated level. There are artefacts of condors and other birds found here.
    For the Earth, they created the Kalasasaya on the ground level. There have been artefacts of puma, jaguar, llamas etc found here.
    For the underground, they created the Semi-subterranean temple. This one is sunken below the ground level and there have been artefacts of snakes, frogs etc found here.

    The Akapana is an approximately cross-shaped pyramidal structure that is 257 m wide, 197 m broad at its maximum, and 16.5 m tall. At its center appears to have been a sunken court.
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  • Day32

    Semi-subterranean temple

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    Semi-Subterranean Temple is a square sunken courtyard that is unique for its north–south rather than east–west axis. The walls are covered with tenon heads of many different styles, suggesting that the structure was reused for different purposes over time. It was built with walls of sandstone pillars and smaller blocks of Ashlar masonry. 

  • Day32

    Pumapunku gate stone

    October 31, 2017 in Bolivia

    A prominent feature of the Pumapunku is a large stone terrace; it is 6.75 by 38.72 meters in dimension and paved with large stone blocks. It is called the "Plataforma Lítica". The Plataforma Lítica contains the largest stone block found in the Tiwanaku site. The block is estimated to weigh 131 metric tons.

  • Day7

    Tiawanacu, Bolivien

    November 27, 2017 in Bolivia

    Nachdem ich die Tage zuvor die Wunder der Natur bewundern konnte, habe ich mich heute mal für etwas Kultur entschieden. Früh am Morgen mit dem Nachtbus angekommen, ging ich also frischen Mutes direkt in eine der Reiseagenturen. Das Ziel des Trips: Tiwanaku, eine Metropolregion aus der Zeit noch vor den Inkas. In einem Kleinbus, in dem ich mit Abstand der jüngste war, ging es los Richtung Norden. Nach einer ausgiebigen Führung durch die Ruinen der alten Tempel bestand zum Schluss noch die Möglichkeit, Lama-Fleisch zu verkosten.Read more

You might also know this place by the following names:

Tiahuanaco, Tiwanaku, טיאהואנקו, ティワナク, Civilização Tiahuanaco, Тиуанако, Tiavanaku

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