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  • Day56

    Teotihuacan

    September 22 in Mexico ⋅ ⛅ 12 °C

    Faith hat für fünf aus unsere Gruppe online einen englischsprachigen Tagesausflug nach „Teotihuacan*“ gebucht. Erstaunlicherweise ist dieses UNESCO Weltkulturerbe im Nordosten von México City nicht auf der Itinerary von Dragoman. Um 09:00 ist unsere kleine Gruppe mit einem Shuttle vom Hotel zur „Plaza de las Tres Culturas“ gefahren und haben uns die Ruinen des „Temple Mayor de Tlatelolco“* angesehen. Der zweisprachige Guide ist leider etwas nervig. Aber es macht eh mehr Sinn, sich die Details (evt.) noch mal bei Wikipedia durchzulesen. Danach sind wir Nordwestlich an diversen Favelas vorbeigefahren. Erst gegen Mittag waren wir an den Pyramiden, als der Touristen Ansturm am Größten war. Wir haben viel Zeit vergeudet schnell zu den Pyramiden zu kommen. Deshalb mein Tipp: Tour ohne Guide organisieren! Wer anschließend noch in den Souvenirladen will, kann das ja kurz vor der Rückfahrt noch machen. Dann ist der nervige Guide nochmal aufgetaucht und hat uns durch die “Basilika Unserer Lieben Frau von Guadelupe” geführt. Für die Mexikaner ist das was wichtiges. Ich fand das nur überflüssig.

    Wikipedia:
    * Temple Mayor de Tlatelolco ....
    * Teotihuacan /teɪˌoʊtiːwəˈkɑːn/ (Spanish: Teotihuacán) (Spanish pronunciation: [teotiwa'kan] is an ancient Mesoamerican city located in a sub-valley of the Valley of Mexico, which is located in the State of Mexico 40 kilometres (25 mi) northeast of modern-day Mexico City. Teotihuacan is known today as the site of many of the most architecturally significant Mesoamerican pyramids built in the pre-Columbian Americas. At its zenith, perhaps in the first half of the first millennium CE, Teotihuacan was the largest city in the pre-Columbian Americas, with a population estimated at 125,000 or more, making it at least the sixth largest city in the world during its epoch. After the collapse of Teotihuacan, central Mexico was dominated by the Toltecs of Tula until about 1150 CE. Not to be confused with Tenochtitlan.
    Teotihuacan is located in Greater Mexico City. The city covered 8 square miles; 80 to 90 percent of the total population of the valley resided in Teotihuacan. Apart from the pyramids, Teotihuacan is also anthropologically significant for its complex, multi-family residential compounds, the Avenue of the Dead, and its vibrant murals that have been well-preserved. Additionally, Teotihuacan exported fine obsidian tools that are found throughout Mesoamerica. The city is thought to have been established around 100 BCE, with major monuments continuously under construction until about 250 CE. The city may have lasted until sometime between the 7th and 8th centuries CE, but its major monuments were sacked and systematically burned around 550 CE. Although it is a subject of debate whether Teotihuacan was the center of a state empire, its influence throughout Mesoamerica is well documented; evidence of Teotihuacano presence can be seen at numerous sites in Veracruz and the Maya region. The later Aztecs saw these magnificent ruins and claimed a common ancestry with the Teotihuacanos, modifying and adopting aspects of their culture. The ethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan is the subject of debate. Possible candidates are the Nahua, Otomi or Totonac ethnic groups. Scholars have suggested that Teotihuacan was a multi-ethnic state. The site covers a total surface area of 83 square kilometres (32 sq mi) and was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. It is the most visited archaeological site in Mexico, receiving 4,185,017 visitors in 2017. After the collapse of Teotihuacan, central Mexico was dominated by the Toltecs of Tula until about 1150 CE. Teotihuacan exported fine obsidian tools that are found throughout Mesoamerica. The later Aztecs saw these magnificent ruins and claimed a common ancestry with the Teotihuacanos, modifying and adopting aspects of their culture. The ethnicity of the inhabitants of Teotihuacan is the subject of debate. Possible candidates are the Nahua, Otomi or Totonac ethnic groups. Scholars have suggested that Teotihuacan was a multi-ethnic state. The city and the archaeological site was designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1987. It is the most visited archaeological site in Mexico, receiving 4,185,017 visitors in 2017.

    Koordinaten: 19°41′24″ N 98°50′23″ W
    Höhe: 2.280 müN

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    Text von Wolfgang
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