Hieronymites Monastery

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23 travelers at this place

  • Day29

    Mosteiro dos Jerónimos

    October 2, 2019 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 19 °C

    With our Lisboa Card, we didn’t have to wait very long to get in. It is a very impressive monument, and took over 100 years to build. It is a very impressive site, and very elaborately decorated.

    The monastery was designed in a manner that later became known as “Manueline”, a richly ornate architectural style with complex sculptural themes incorporating maritime elements and objects discovered during naval expeditions, carved in limestone. The building embodies the golden age of Portuguese discoveries, and was funded using the profits from the spices Vasco da Gama brought back from India. Vasco da Gama’s tomb lays within the monastery.

    Manuel I selected the religious order of Hieronymite monks to occupy the monastery, whose role it was to pray for the King's eternal soul, and to provide spiritual assistance to navigators and sailors who departed from the port of Restelo to discover lands around the world. This the monks did for over four centuries until 1833, when the religious orders were dissolved and the monastery was abandoned.

    The monastery withstood the 1755 Lisbon earthquake with very little damage. It stood vacant for sometime during the 1800’s and restoration work began in the 1860’s.
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  • Day66

    Lissabon II

    July 13, 2018 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 22 °C

    Heute fahren wir mit dem Bus nach Belém. Eigentlich ist das ein Vorort von Lissabon, aber man denkt es ist ein Viertel der Stadt. Zuerst schauen wir uns das "Mosteiro dos Jerónimos" an, ein riesiges Kloster. Der Haupteingang der dazugehörigen Kirche ist wunderschön, mit vielen Figuren. Die Kirche kann man umsonst besichtigen. Danach geht es zum "Torre de Belém" und dann zum Seefahrerdenkmal "Padrão dos Descobrimentos". Das hat uns wirklich begeistert. Als Abschluss wollten wir noch zur "Pastéis de Belém" gehen um die "Pastéis de Nata" zu essen, der Andrang ist nicht normal! Die Schlange war über 30m lang auf der Straße! Daher haben wir uns für ein kleines Café drei Häuser weiter entschieden.
    Wir lieben die kleinen Kuchen!!
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  • Day2

    Mosteiro dos Jeronimos

    June 11, 2019 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 16 °C

    Das Mosteiro dos Jerónimos gilt als das bedeutendste erhaltende Bauwerk manuelinischen Stils. Beauftrag von und erbaut unter Manuel I, kurz nach der Rückkehr Vasco da Gamas von seiner ersten Reise. Finanziert werden konnten die Bauarbeiten durch die reichen Einnahmen des Überseehandels. 1544 war das Kloster nach 42 Jahren Bauzeit fertig und beherbergte bis 1834 den Orden des Heiligen Hieronymus, dessen Namen es noch heute trägt.Read more

  • Day1

    Cristo Rei

    June 10, 2019 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 18 °C

    Als im Jahre 1934 der Erzbischof von Lissabon Dom Manuel Gonçalves Cerejeira die damalige Hauptstadt Brasiliens besuchte, inspirierte ihn der (mit 30 m Höhe etwas größere) 1931 eingeweihte Cristo Redentor (Rio de Janeiro) zu einer Nachbildung in Lissabon. Es gelang ihm, den portugiesischen Episkopat von seinem Plan zu überzeugen. Bei einer Versammlung am 20. April 1940 in Fátima gelobten die Bischöfe, die Statue zu errichten, sollte Gott Portugal vor dem Zweiten Weltkrieg verschonen.Read more

  • Day6

    Lissabon - Belém

    November 2, 2018 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 17 °C

    Mit einer Tageskarte für Metro, Bus und Straßenbahn in der Tasche ging es auf gen Westen nach Belém, einem Stadtteil von Lissabon. Erstes Ziel war das Mosteiro dos Jeronimus. Wie immer schöne alte Kirche, schnieker Kreuzgang, ein bisschen Weihrauch um die Nase... und die übliche Heerschaar an Touristen. Wir standen an ca. vierzigster Stelle, nach uns füllte sich der komplette Platz und gefühlte weitere 5.000 kamen dazu🤷🏼‍♂️ Zum Glück waren wir schnell durch und entkamen dem Massentourismus gut👍🏼 Drinnen war‘s schön, gab viel zu sehen inklusive Grab von Vasco da Gama.

    Danach ging‘s zum Torre de Belém einem Turm von fünfzehnhundertirgendwann... riesen Schlange davor, Foto von außen gemacht, für toll befunden und damit für besichtigt erklärt.

    Wetter war top, Snacks und Käffchen lecker... alles bestens.

    Ach ja, übrigens Snacks: die berühmtberüchtigten Patel de Natas wurden hier angeblich erfunden, heißen schlauerweise dann eben Patel de Belém, schmecken auch vorzüglich, is halt mit Schlange stehen verbunden, wenn welche haben will... wir wollten👍🏼
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  • Day5

    Monastery of Jeronimos

    June 10, 2018 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 18 °C

    We found our first Starbucks. :( The entire front street was very touristy, we only saw the sign in the distance. there was another one of those exercise circuits in the park. Off above the Blooming Jacarda trees you can see the Monastery.

    It was Sunday so very very busy as this is still an active church and a church service had just been held. We entered in through the south portal which is unusual as this door is normally kept closed. Just as we went in the organ was playing, it was lovely and loud. the acoustics are incredible. You can just imagine what it would have been like in the 1500's when this monastery was built.

    It is made of white limestone, stretches for 300 yards , King Manual (1495 ruled from 1495) erected it as a thank you to the early discoveries made by the early portuguese explorers. It was financed via "pepper money" a 5 % tax on spices brought back from India. - i.e. all those great spices that those same portuguese explorers brought back and then traded with other poorer European countries that did not have any established trading ports in the East.

    King Manuel built the church near the site of a humble chapel where sailors spent their last night ashore in prayer before embarking on their frightening voyages.

    this style of architecture is unique to Portugal and is called Manueline. Amazingly finely detailed carvings, lots of religious symbolism, lots of oceanic themes, shells, ropes, lots of flora and fauna and lots of diversity. It was a pretty amazing church to wander around and see all these different carvings in the columns, walls, niches..

    more from Rick steves:
    ...Monks often accompanied the silor pirates on their trading pillaging trips hoping to convert the heathens to Christianity. Many expeditions were financed by the order of crhist, a brother hood of soldier monks (i think this is the knights templar and their square cross is everywhere). The monks who inhabited this cloister were Hieronymites - followers of St Jerome, hence the monastery name of Jeronimos.

    King Manaual did much to promote exploration, but he is also the king who forcibly expelled all the Jews. gthe spanish Reyes Catolicos -Ferdinand and Isabel - agreed to allow Manuel to marry one of their daughters if he expelled the jews. - end of Rick Steves info

    The South Portal which we entered, amazing amount of detail in this entrance. There is a picture in the guide with 48 different entries for the different statues, and busts and medallions all within this portal.
    Back to rick - the fancy portal facing the street, is textbook Manueline. Henry the navigator stands between the doors with the King's patron saint St Jerome (above on the left with the lion) Henry (Manuels uncle) built the original sailors chapel on this site. this door is only used when mass lets out or for saturday weddings ---this was why we were able to get in today mass had just happened, and look at the crowds around that entrance. l
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  • Day5

    Monastery of Jeronimos south portal

    June 10, 2018 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 18 °C

    more details from the south portal.

    The different saints all have some sort of symbolic thing with their carvings I think. this from a later display in side the cloister:
    St Augustine, has has bishop like hat
    St Paul, a sword
    St Mathew , a child
    St John, an eagle
    St Luke, a bull or ram
    St Mark, a lion

    The central figure is Henry the Navigator, the guy responsible for sending out all these explorers, although he never actually went out himself. ( only one trip I believe into Africa)

    on either side of the door are two medallions thought to be king Manual and his spanish queen Isabella...

    The other carving shows a scene of the crucifixion I think. There is a different style of cross with 2 cross pieces, but I have read something about that in the past, although I can't remember what I read, other than the crosses did have different styles throughout the ages.
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  • Day5

    Monastery of Jeronimos, interior

    June 10, 2018 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 18 °C

    Rick Steves- the Manueline style is on the cusp of the Renaissance. the space is more open tan earlier medieval churches. Slender palm tee elite coluns don't break the interior space as Gothic columns would. and the ceiling is all one height. Motifs from the sea hide in the doer. The sea brought Portugal 16th century welt and power, making this art possible. You will see rope like arches, ships, and monsters to evoke the mystery of undiscovered elands. artichokes eaten for their vitamin C to fend off scurvy remind us of the hardships sailors faced at sea. ---

    a picture of the Organ player as he is leaving.

    One of the tombs is the empty tomb for the prince who never returned from war. King Sebastiao. The tomb of the longed for Dom Sebastiao stands empty. The young king never returned from batten in 1578 (eyewitness pg 51)

    the design on the ceiling. Each medallion is something different.

    There are 7 confessionals along that wall.

    The renaissance alter. Nearly everything here survived the 1755 quack excel thte stained glass. In the niches surrounding the main altar elephants - a far eastern symbol of power, more powerful and kingly than the lion - supports 2 kings and queens, (king Manual I is front left) Many portuguese churches were renovated in Renaissanceand Baroque times, resulting in an odd mix of dark, older naves and pretty pastel alters. -source rick stoves
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  • Day5

    Monastery of Jeronimos Vasco Da Gama tom

    June 10, 2018 in Portugal ⋅ ⛅ 18 °C

    Close up of the Confessionals

    the south portal doors now shut and that cross the order of Christ- on the red cloth. Henry the Navigator was the grand master of the Order of christ. It was the knights of the templar who defeated the moors in the 11th and 12th century

    Vasco Da Gama's tomb with close ups of three symbols on the sides. His ship - a Caraval - that -cross of the order of Christ, and the third symbol -the armillary, the sphere which is the symbol of King Manuelin, but it is his symbol because it was so important to early navigation. that was what allowed the explores to tell latitude.

    Rick steeves _ 1497 Vasco Da Gama (1460-1524) prayed in the small chapel that once stood here, He then set out with 4 ships, 150 men, state of the art maps, and the armillary sphere. a globe surrounded by moveable rings designed to determine the positions of the sun or other stars to help sailors track their position. Da Gama ws to confirm what earlier navigators had hypothesized, that the ocean recently discovered when Bartolomeu Dias round africa's cape of Good Hope was the same one seen by overland travellers to India. And hopefully da Gama would find a direct sea route to India.
    the symbols on the tomb, the cross from the military order of the soldier monks who funded his voyage, the Caravel, (the ship),
    By Christmas Da Gama rounds the cape of good hope after battling hostile ARabs in Mozambique. he arrives on the SW coast in Calicut in may 1498. trades for spices, and networks, heads home and arrives in Lisbon sept 1499. They had been away for 2 years and 2 months.
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You might also know this place by the following names:

Mosteiro dos Jerónimos, Mosteiro dos Jeronimos, Hieronymites Monastery, دير جيرونيموس, Жэронімуш, Monestir dels Jerònims, Klášter jeronymitů, Monaĥejo de la hieronimanoj de Belém, Monasterio de los Jerónimos, Jeronimotarren monasterioa, Hieronymuksen luostari, Monastère des Hiéronymites, Mosteiro dos Xerónimos, מנזר זרונימוש, Jeronimitski samostan, Szent Jeromos-kolostor, Híerónýmusarklaustrið, Monastero dos Jerónimos, ジェロニモス修道院, ჟერონიმუშის მონასტერი, 제로니무스 수도원, Šv. Jeronimo vienuolynas, Црква Јеронимо, Hieronymittklostret, Monastèri dels Jeronims, Klasztor Hieronimitów, Жеронимуш, Kláštor hieronymitov, Monasteryo ng mga Heronimos, Jerónimos Manastırı, Жеронімуш, ჟერონიმუშიშ მონასტერი, 熱羅尼莫斯修道院

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