Spain
MNAC, National Museum of Art or Catalunya

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  • Day5

    Art of Spanish Civil War

    August 3 in Spain ⋅ ☁️ 81 °F

    The museum contains the permanent collection of modern art dedicated to art produced during the period of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). A total of 108 pieces are shown including paintings, drawings, engravings, photographs, sculptures, paper money, along with new media , such as illustrated publications, posters, photomontage or cinema, which were put at the service of both sides. Works by 43 artists are on display, some of whom had never been exhibited in the museum’s rooms. A set of 57 works from the reserves are exhibited for the first time in the rooms of the permanent collection. Works from private repositories will also be shown for the first time, as well as some recent acquisitions, which will help to enrich the exhibition discourse.

    During the years of the war, many artists decided not to remain neutral: art becomes a powerful weapon to stir consciences and add followers to one or another political cause.

    Despite the dramatic conditions of the context, this mobilization led to the culmination of some of the aspirations of modern and avant-garde art. The war as a reason unfolds a whole iconographic program where they emphasize subjects like the war front, the aerial bombings or the massacres and evacuations of the civilian population.
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    Lina Ódena was a communist militant and combatant of the Republic. She died during the Spanish Civil War. Ódena was an example for many women who fought during the war, refusing to stay home and accept the traditional role given to her by the society of the time.

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    The symbiosis between art and war had one of its main manifestations in the form of poster art. Both the Francoist and Republican sides published all kinds of posters, in what was a translation of the war into the field of propaganda, conveying confrontational political slogans. Several well-known artists, including avant-garde ones, produced posters that have become, in some cases, emblematic images that have transcended the historical moment in which they were created. Top poster is "Hoy mas. que nunca, victoria" (Today more than ever, victory), by Josep Renau. 1938. Bottom 2nd from the left - "Look for Heroes" by Arturo Ballester

     
  • Day5

    MNAC (Museo Nationale Art de Catalunya)

    August 3 in Spain ⋅ ⛅ 81 °F

    The Museu Nacional d'Art de Catalunya - National Art Museum of Catalonia is the national museum of Catalan visual art.
    Situated on Montjuïc hill, the museum is especially notable for its outstanding collection of Romanesque church paintings, and for Catalan art and design from the late XIX and early XX centuries, including modernisme and noucentisme. The museum is housed in the Palau Nacional, a huge, Italian-style building dating to 1929.

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Museu_Nacional_d'Art_de_Catalunya
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    In the Oval Hall Aeronautica (vol) interior - Aeronautics (domestic flight) - is an installation by the artist Francesc Torres. It is inspired by his visit to the historic La Sènia Airfield, built by the Government of the Second Republic just after the start of the Spanish Civil War. This field played a very prominent role for its strategic location and operational capability, first for the Republic Aviation and then for the German Condor Legion.

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    1:1 Replica of a Soviet Tupolev SB-2 bomber (Russian: АНТ-40 (СБ) — скоростной фронтовой бомбардировщик) "Katiuska" To explain the link between war sacrifice and sacrifice for religious faith, Torres plays with the iconography of the crucifixion and, in particular, with the Gothic painting of the martyrdom of Saint Peter, by the master Pere Serra (XIVth century).

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    1:1 Replica of Soviet fighter Polikarpov I-16 (Russian: И-16 (ЦКБ-12) «истребитель шестнадцатый») "Fly". Because of the Russian "И-Щест..." beginning of I-16 it was lovingly nicknamed «Ишак» (Burro) by the Soviet Pilots. It was called the Rata ("rat") by the Nationalists or Mosca ("fly") by the Republicans.

     

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MNAC, National Museum of Art or Catalunya