Vatican City

Vatican City

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  • Day15

    Day 12

    Today we went into the Vatican City and into the museum and Sistine chapel which was amazing to see how they did everything by hand especially the paintings

    Day 13

    We slept in and then lazed by the pool all day and then I got sunburnt but only really badly on one side and packed up getting ready for the next stop!!

  • Day6

    Checked off a bucket list item... and made 1 more.

    #44 - Attend the Pope's public address in person ✔
    ...
    #62 - Bring my child to the Pope's address so his/her forehead can get kissed by the Pope

    The line was massive to get into the square. For future reference, highly recommend getting to the Vatican early (7 am) to get through security and get seats in front of St. Peter's Basilica. We got to the Vatican around 8 am, and it was already packed.

    The Pope's address starts around 10 am, and he rides in on a cart that weaves between aisles beforehand for crowd interaction. A great opportunity to get a high five!
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  • Day6

    We decided to leave the Pope's public address a little early to beat the crowds to the Vatican Museum - and it worked!

    My absolute favorite piece in the Vatican museum was Raphael's "The School of Athens" (1509-1511) where famous minds and artists are depicted in one scene. Some that have been identified with certainty include Plato and Aristotle (in the painting's center), Socrates, Pythagoras, Euclid, Ptolemy, Zoroaster, Raphael (self portrait), Sodoma and Diogenes. This painting was not intended to represent a school that actually existed, but rather an ideal community of intellects from the entire classical world.

    Pro Tip: Use Rick Steves' Vatican Museum audio tour

    🌍🛫📝: Rick Steves
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  • Day6

    There are no words. Absolutely stunning.

    On the ceiling and walls of the chapel are the beautiful works of Michealangelo that took 4 years to complete (1508-1512). This is arguably one of mankind's greatest artistic achievements, depicting various scenes from the Christian bible.

    Today, the Sistine chapel is the site of the Papal conclave (where the new Pope is selected).

    Fun fact: Michealangelo allegedly preferred sculpting over painting, and had to be coerced by Pope Julius II with a lucrative commission of sculpting 40 massive figures for the Pope's tomb in return for taking on the Sistine chapel.

    🌍🛫📝: Rick Steves
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  • Day37

    The worlds smallest independent international state, a walled off enclave within Rome, and home to approx 800 people.

    Consisting of the Vatican Museums, Sistine Chapel, St Peter's Bascilica, and of course St Peter's Square. Michelangelo's artwork adorns the walls and ceiling of the Sistine Chapel and took him five years to complete.

    Also climbed the stairs up and into the dome with breathtaking views of Rome from the top.Read more

  • Day1

    Monday, May 29, 2017

    In the spring of 1509, just two years after a mapmaker coined the word “America” in honor of the explorer Amerigo Vespucci, a fellow Florentine named Buonarotti was beginning to work on one of the defining masterpieces of Western Civilization. His first name—Michelangelo—would also reverberate through the ages. And, like many of the early transatlantic voyages of discovery, his ceiling frescoes in Rome’s Sistine Chapel had gotten off to a terrible start.

    “He was working on the largest multi-figure compositions of the entire ceiling when the actual fresco plaster itself became infected by a kind of lime mold, which is like a great bloom of fungus,” says Andrew Graham-Dixon, chief art critic for London’s Sunday Telegraph. “So he had to chip the whole thing back to zero and start again. Eventually he sped up. He got better.”

    However difficult the conditions—and even the challenge of painting at a height of 65 feet required considerable ingenuity, with scaffolds and platforms slotted into specially fashioned wall openings—by the time Michelangelo unveiled the work in 1512, he had succeeded in creating a transcendent work of genius, one which continues to inspire millions of pilgrims and tourists in Vatican City each year. The Sistine Chapel holds a central place in Christendom as the private chapel of the pope and the site of the papal enclave, where the College of Cardinals gathers to elect new popes.

    Read more: http://www.smithsonianmag.com/arts-culture/the-measure-of-genius-michelangelos-sistine-chapel-at-500-123313873/#K8LHvMvpQsjVL7lB.99
    Give the gift of Smithsonian magazine for only $12! http://bit.ly/1cGUiGv
    Follow us: @SmithsonianMag on Twitter
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  • Day1

    Monday, May 29, 2017
    Saint Peter's Basilica, the world's largest church, is the center of Christianity. The imposing structure was built over a span of more than one hundred years by the greatest Italian architects of the era.

    The church is built on Vatican Hill, across the Tiber river from the historic center of Rome. The location is highly symbolic: this was the site where Saint Peter, the chief apostle, died a martyr and where he was buried in 64 AD. St. Peter is considered the first pope, so it made perfect sense for the papacy to build the principal shrine of the Catholic church here.

    The First Basilica
    In the early fourth century Emperor Constantine, the first Christian emperor of Rome, decided to build a basilica on Vatican Hill at the site of small shrine that marked the likely location of the tomb of St. Peter. Construction of the basilica started between 319 and 322. It was consecrated in 326 AD and finally completed around 349 AD. To facilitate the construction, a part of the terrain was leveled and the necropolis where St. Peter was originally buried was demolished.

    The basilica had an eighty-five meter (279 ft) long nave with four aisles and a spacious atrium with a central cantharus (fountain), enclosed by a colonnade. A bell tower stood at the front of the atrium. Visitors entered the atrium through a triple-arched portico.

    The New St. Peter's Basilica
    In the middle of the fifteenth century, the basilica was falling into ruin and pope Nicolas V ordered the restoration and enlargement of the church after plans by Bernardo Rossellino. After Nicolas V died, works were halted.

    No progress was made for half a century until pope Julius II decided to build a completely new church. He appointed Donato Bramante as chief architect. Bramante designed a structure with a high dome on a Greek cross plan (all sides have equal lengths). In 1506 Julius II laid the first stone of the new basilica which was to become the largest in the world.

    After Bramante's death in 1514 he was succeeded by a number of different architects, all of whom made changes to the design, most notably Michelangelo Buonarroti, who became chief architect in 1547 at the age of seventy-two. He conceived the imposing dome and made further alterations to the plans.

    At the time of Michelangelo's death in 1564 only the drum of the dome was built. The dome was finally completed in 1590 by Giacomo della Porta. On request of pope Paul V the imposing edifice was extended further into a true Latin cross plan by Carlo Maderno, who completed the main facade in 1614. The church was finally reconsecrated in 1626 by pope Urban VIII, exactly 1300 years after the consecration of the first church.
    Ever since, the St. Peter's Basilica has been the center of Christianity, drawing pilgrims and tourists from all over the world.
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  • Day1

    Monday, May 29, 2017
    a grandiose elliptical esplanade created in the mid seventeenth century by Gian Lorenzo Bernini. The square is bordered by massive colonnades that symbolize outstretched arms. Bernini and his assistants sculpted the 140 statues of saints that grace the balustrades on the colonnades. The square is decorated with fountains and an Egyptian obelisk that was transported to Rome in 37 AD.

    The view of St. Peter's Basilica from the square is unfortunately a bit disappointing; the result of the enlargement of the church carried out by Carlo Maderno, which partly obscures Michelangelo's dome.
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  • Day4

    The Vatican Museums (Italian: Musei Vaticani) are Christian and art museums located within the city boundaries of the Vatican City. They display works from the immense collection built up by the Popes throughout the centuries including some of the most renowned classical sculptures and most important masterpieces of Renaissance art in the world. The museums contain roughly 70,000 works, of which 20,000 are on display.Read more

  • Day4

    The Papal Basilica of St. Peter in the Vatican, or simply St. Peter's Basilica, is an Italian Renaissance church in Vatican City, the papal enclave within the city of Rome.

    Construction started: April 18, 1506
    Dome diameter (outer): 42.0 m
    Dome diameter (inner): 41.5 m
    Architects: Michelangelo, Gian Lorenzo Bernini, Raphael

You might also know this place by the following names:

State of the Vatican City, Staat der Vatikanstadt, Vatican City, Vatikaan, Vatican Man, ቫቲካን, الفاتيكان, Vatikan, Ватыкан, Ватикана, Vatikaŋ, ভ্যাটিকান সিটি, ཝེ་ཊི་ཀན།, Ciutat del Vaticà, Vatikán, Y Fatican, Pavestolen (Vatikanstaten), Vatikandu nutome, Βατικανό, Vatikano, Ciudad del Vaticano, Vatikano Hiria, واتیکان, Dowla Waticaan, Vatikaanivaltio, Vatican, An Vatacáin, Cidade do Vaticano, વેટિકન, Batikan, עיר הותיקן, वेटिकन सिटि, Grad Vatikan, Վատիկան, Kota Vatikan, Páfagarður, Vaticano, ローマ法王庁 (バチカン市国), ვატიკანი, Vatikani, វ៉ាទីកង់, ವ್ಯಾಟಿಕನ್, 바티칸시티, ڤاتیکان, Vatikaani, Vatiká, ວາຕິກັນ, Vatikano miestas, Nvatika, Vatikāns, Firenen'i Vatikana, Ватикан, വത്തിക്കാന്‍, व्हॅटिकन, ဗာတီကန်, Vatikanet, Vatican State, भेटिकन, Heilige stoel (Vaticaanstad), Vatikanstaten, ଭାଟିକାନ୍, Stolica Apostolska (Watykan), Citad dal Vatican, Umurwa wa Vatikani, Orașul Vatican, Vatikána, Letëe tî Vatikäan, Faatikaan, Vatikanen, வாடிகன், వేటికెన్, นครรัฐวาติกัน, Місто Ватикан, واٹیکن سٹی, Thành phố Vatican, Orílẹ́ède Fatikani, 圣座(梵蒂冈), i-Vatican City

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