Italy
Ara Pacis

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2 travelers at this place

  • Day6

    Ara Pacis

    May 11, 2019 in Italy ⋅ ⛅ 16 °C

    They have housed this archaeological puzzle in a very nice building. Not a must see but impressive it's own singular way. The Romans were certainly fascinating and busy people!

    In 13BC the Roman Senate had the Ara Pacis Augustae erected on the Field of Mars in honor of the Emperor Augustus who had returned victorious from battles in Gaul and Spain insuring peace in the Roman Empire. Augustus fulfilled the prediction made in the Roman epic: The Aeneid to "bring back the golden years to the field of Latium." Anchises predicted that Augustus would "govern the peoples of the world" and Virgil wrote "…it is a god who gave us this peace – for a god he shall ever be to me." Over the years the altar was buried by floods and silt from the River Tiber and it was Mussolini who instructed Giuseppe Moretti to reconstruct and restore the masterpiece. Today a protective building houses the restored altar.
    The square, four sided altar is decorated with mythological figures and historical scenes of peace and prosperity which were intended to remind people of the ruler's achievements, competence and the importance of piety and peace. The stone reliefs on the structure depict women and children symbolizing Augustus' pro-family stance; processions show men in togas which represent Roman citizenship and one of the processions is led by Augustus himself. Romulus, Remus and the she-wolf are also depicted. An allegorical scene shows the Goddess Roma sitting on a pile of foreign armor representing the peace Augustus brought following war.

    Article:
    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Ara_Pacis
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  • Day6

    Mausoleum di Augusto

    May 11, 2019 in Italy ⋅ ⛅ 15 °C

    We walked by this mausoleum built by Augustus for members of the family and then evolved over time into a number of other uses. Nothing stays the same even when we build great buildings hoping to gain some measure of immortality. Roman burials were by cremation, at least for those of status, Christians hoped for a burial underground, there are catacombs just outside the Roman walls where people went but these were robbed a lot in the 1600s and families such as the Pamphilij's applied for and were granted the removal of the mummified remains of certain individuals to be moved into private chapels in their palazzos or sponsored chapels within churches.

    The Mausoleum of Augustus is a large tomb built by the Roman Emperor Augustus in 28 BC.. The mausoleum was one of the first projects initiated by Augustus following his victory at the Battle of Actium in 31 BC. The mausoleum was circular in plan, consisting of several concentric rings of earth and brick, faced with travertine on the exterior, and planted with cypresses on the top tier. The completed mausoleum measured 90 m (295 ft) in diameter by 42 m (137 ft) in height. Included among those whose remains were laid inside the mausoleum are many of Augustus' family and six Roman Emperors.

    In the Middle Ages the tumulus was fortified as a castle and occupied by the Colonna family. Throughout the Renaissance it passed through the ownership of several major Roman families, who used it as a garden; at the beginning of the 19th century it was in use as a circus. In the early 20th century, the interior of the Mausoleum was used as a concert hall until Mussolini ordered it closed in the 1930s and restored it to the status of an archaeological site.

    Article:
    http://www.aviewoncities.com/rome/mausoleumofaugustus.htm
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You might also know this place by the following names:

Ara Pacis, Алтар Міру, Олтар на мира, Autel de la Paix Auguste, Ara pacis, ארה פקיס, Ara Pacis Augustae, アラ・パキス, 평화의 제단, Алтарь Мира, Вівтар миру, 和平祭坛博物馆

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