Turkey
Kaymaklı Underground City

Discover travel destinations of travelers writing a travel journal on FindPenguins.
Travelers at this place
    • Day 3

      3. Day Cappadocia V

      August 19, 2022 in Turkey ⋅ ⛅ 27 °C

      After arriving on time from our tour for breakfast, we first ate extensively and rested until the afternoon, as the midday sun is unbearable.

      We decided to go to Kaymakli in the afternoon and visit Underground City. We took the bus from Otogar in Göreme and then went to Nevsehir and from there another dolmus to Kaymakli. You can visit 4 of the 8 underground floors.

      It was very interesting and almost hard to believe that thousands of people once lived there.

      After our trip, I went for a meal and a drink.

      Info:
      Kaymaklis ancient name was Enegup. Caves may have first been built in the soft volcanic rock by the Phrygians, an Indo-European people, in the 8th–7th centuries BC,. When the Phrygian language died out in Roman times, replaced with Greek, to which it was related, the inhabitants, now converted to Christianity, expanded their caverns adding the chapels and Greek inscriptions.

      The city was greatly expanded and deepened in the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) era, when it was used for protection from Muslim Arab raids during the four centuries of Arab–Byzantine wars (780–1180). The city was connected with Derinkuyu underground city through miles of tunnels. These cities continued to be used by the Christian inhabitants as protection from the Mongolian incursions of Timur in the 14th century.

      After the region fell to the Seljuk Turks of Persia, the cities were used as refuges from the Turkish Muslim rulers, and as late as the 20th century the inhabitants, now called Rûm ('Eastern Romans') by their Ottoman Turkish rulers, were still using the underground cities to escape periodic waves of Ottoman persecution.
      Read more

    • Day 4

      Kaymaklı und Derinkuyu Underground city

      May 21 in Turkey ⋅ ☀️ 20 °C

      Kaymaklı ist eine der faszinierendsten unterirdischen Städte der Welt. Diese antike unterirdische Stadt, die sich über acht Stockwerke erstreckt, wurde ursprünglich in der Hethiterzeit (um 1600 v. Chr.) erbaut und später von verschiedenen Kulturen erweitert und genutzt, darunter die Phryger, Perser und Byzantiner.

      Die Stadt ist ein beeindruckendes Labyrinth aus Tunneln, Kammern und Räumen, die tief in den weichen vulkanischen Tuffstein gehauen wurden. Kaymaklı diente hauptsächlich als Zufluchtsort während Zeiten von Krieg und Invasion. Ihre Bewohner konnten monatelang unter der Erde leben, geschützt vor Angreifern. Die Stadt verfügt über Belüftungsschächte, Wasserquellen, Lagerräume, Ställe und sogar Kirchen und Kapellen.

      Eines der bemerkenswertesten Merkmale von Kaymaklı sind die großen runden Steintüren, die bei Bedarf geschlossen werden konnten, um die Gänge zu versiegeln und Eindringlinge abzuwehren. Diese Türen konnten nur von innen geöffnet werden und boten somit einen wirksamen Schutzmechanismus.

      Heute ist Kaymaklı eine beliebte Touristenattraktion. Besucher können die oberen vier Ebenen der Stadt erkunden.

      Derinkuyu ist ähnlich aufgebaut, man kann 7 unterirdische Stockwerke besuchen und die Gänge sind noch enger.
      Read more

    • Day 7

      Rolling stones

      April 24 in Turkey ⋅ ☁️ 29 °C

      Kaymakli a aussi sa ville souterraine et a organisé la visite, le fléchage et les éclairages de façon élégante, systématique, didactique... et payante. Du coup nous comprenons mieux notre aventure de la veille.

      Ces villes souterraines datent de (au moins) 3500 ans, l'époque des Hittites ou plus tard des Phrygiens. Elles servaient d'abris en cas d'invasion ou de guerre. Il est possible que certaines aient servi aux esclaves en fuite pendant l'ère romaine ou aux chrétiens avant Constantin.

      Les trous au sol servaient à poser des pots personnels ou les repas. Dans les murs les alvéoles pour des lampes ou s'aggripper. Il y avait une cheminée centrale d'aération qui servait aussi de monte-charge pour les materiaux d'excavation, les ingredients ou rebuts de cuisine, ou pour les grandes amphores qui servaient de toilettes. (On respire). Il y avait des sorties et entrées multiples pour se réfugier ou s'echapper.

      Après un très bon dîner turc nous allons récupérer de notre nuit agitée de pleine lune dans un petit hotel, à coté de la mosquée.
      Read more

    • Day 7

      Failure to launch

      December 13, 2023 in Turkey ⋅ ☁️ 4 °C

      We sat in the van for an hour waiting for clearance, but the wind remained too high for our balloon trip. Boo! We still had fun exploring the underground Christian escape cities and the cave monasteries. Tomorrow we won't have time to try again, but we've planned a drive by on the way to the airport so that we can see the balloons if conditions are better.Read more

    • Day 25

      Underground City

      September 8, 2019 in Turkey ⋅ ⛅ 22 °C

      Kaymaklı yeralti şehir ( Untergrundstadt )

      Die unterirdische Stadt Kaymakli hat acht Stockwerke mit einer Tiefe von 80 Metern und eine Geschichte, die bis ins 8. Jahrhundert vor Christus zurückreicht.

      Kaymaklı - Unterirdische Stadt
      ist eine von 36 unterirdischen Städten der Region Kappadokien.
      Zwischen 3.000 und 15.000 Bewohner sollen einst hier, im Herzen der Erde, gelebt haben. Ein ausgetüfteltes Belüftungssystem machte das Leben unter der Erde möglich.

      Grösste, Bisher Unbekannte Unterirdische Stadt, Nevşehir - 2015

      Eine rätselhafte, bisher in den Überlieferungen namentlich nicht erwähnte und gesuchte (oder noch nicht zuzuordnende) uralte Stadt aus dem Zeitalter des Endes der Jungsteinzeit und der beginnenden Kupferzeit, dem Chalkolithikum (ca. 6100–3000 v.Chr.) wurde auf dem Gebiet Zentralanatoliens in der Türkei entdeckt.
      Read more

    • Day 160

      Day 160: Kaymakli Underground City

      May 13 in Turkey ⋅ ☁️ 10 °C

      Built in the 9th-10th century during the period of the spreading of Christianity, as a city of defence and hiding sites. The 8 floors of the underground city are built around a ventilation stack. It was designed to protect 20,000 people behind massive stone doors.Read more

    • Day 38

      Kaymakli

      October 16, 2022 in Turkey ⋅ ☁️ 17 °C

      Später fahren wir nach Kaymakli eine unterirdische Stadt. Beeindruckend wie die Menschen hier 5 Stockwerke in den Stein hinunter gearbeitet haben. Es gibt Kirchen, Versammlungsräume, natürlich Küchen und Vorratsräume und sogar einen Weinkeller. Zahlreiche Touristen ducken sich durch die schmalen Gänge und Zimmer. Das Ganze ist sehr beeindruckend, aber grosse Lust bis zuunterst zu gehen haben wir nicht. Die Luft ist etwas dick, trotz Belüftungsschächte die die Hethiter ca. im dritten Jahrtausend vor Christus angelegt haben. Wir denken an Corona und verlassen diese tolle Stätte relativ rasch. Lustiger weise treffen wir noch auf einen Walliser, den es freut, endlich wieder mal etwas Schweizerdeutsch sprechen zu können.Read more

    • Day 5

      Kaymakli Underground City

      October 7, 2022 in Turkey ⋅ ⛅ 17 °C

      Doing an underground city was the main reason for me to choose a green tour.

      Caves may have first been built in the 8th–7th centuries BC. In Roman times, the inhabitants, now converted to Christianity, expanded their caverns adding the chapels and Greek inscriptions. The city was greatly expanded and deepened in the Eastern Roman (Byzantine) era, when it was used for protection from Muslim Arab raids during the four centuries of Arab–Byzantine wars (780–1180). These cities continued to be used by the Christian inhabitants as protection from the Mongolians 14th century. After the region fell to the Seljuk Turks of Persia, the cities were used as refuges from the Turkish Muslim rulers, and as late as the 20th century the inhabitants, were still using the underground cities to escape periodic waves of Ottoman persecution. When the Christian inhabitants of the region were expelled in 1923 in the population exchange between Greece and Turkey, the tunnels were abandoned.

      The city has a depth of 8 floors, and only the top four are open to the public, There are stables, a church, extensive storage and living quarters and even a winery. Everything is organized around the ventilation shafts which go down the full depth. There are many defensive features such as narrow, twisting tunnels and holes that allowed defenders to spear the invaders.

      Around 8,000 people lived in here in times of war.
      Read more

    • Day 5

      Ihlara river and St. George Cathedral

      October 7, 2022 in Turkey ⋅ ⛅ 17 °C

      From the restaurant we took a short walk up the river. Sometimes the green tour includes the full 4km walk but we were actually running late. Pleasant path led to a 150 step staircase to a necropolis.

      The Kirkdalmati Kilises or St. George Cathedral carved out of the rocks. Used as a burial grotto by early Christians.
      Read more

    • Day 4

      Kaymakli Underground City

      August 20, 2019 in Turkey ⋅ ⛅ 21 °C

      Cappadocia is well known for its underground cities, used for protection. This is one of those. Only a few if the 8 levels are excavated. Some 8,000 people could live down here for up to 6 months. Th first pic is a model of the city. The rest are various pictures of the several levels that are open.
      Described as hard living. Only one person per family could go out of the cramped living quarters as the corridors were so small. We had to bend over almost horizontal to pass through. They cooked once a week, had no chimneys but lots of food storage.
      None the less, it's all pretty amazing.
      Read more

    You might also know this place by the following names:

    Kaymaklı, Kaymakli, Kaymaklı Underground City, Քայմաքլու, カイマクル, Каймаклы, Кајмакли, Каймакли

    Join us:

    FindPenguins for iOSFindPenguins for Android