Uzbekistan
Koshbakaly

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8 travelers at this place:

  • Day5

    Samarkand

    September 12, 2019 in Uzbekistan ⋅ ☀️ 22 °C

    Ďalšou zastávkou na našej dobrodružnej ceste bolo mesto Samarkand.
    Tentokrát sme sa rozhodli využiť pozemné komunikácie a do našej cieľa sme sa presunuli vlakom 🚞 Samotnej ceste predchádzal nákup listkov, ktorý bol kategória sama o sebe 😃 - na ich vytlačenie sa čakalo asi ako na objednanie pizze s donáškou. Jednoducho som rád za tety zo ZSSK za okienkom pokladnice a za ich promptnosť. System vybavenia zákazníkov bol normálne na čísielka ako v banke či u mobilného operátora, čo sa prejavilo na konečnom čase. Aj v tomto momente hral rolu ľudsky faktor, ktorý tomu dopomohol - pani zlata za okienkom; tá mala z nás snáď všetky nálady, počnúc smiechom končiac nervami a sarkastickým prianím dobrej cesty 😃 Nevadí aspoň zarobila 🤑
    Je pravda, že rýchlosť zakúpenia CL zdržovala taktiež kontrola cestovných pasov, ktoré sa kontrolovali aj pred nástupom na vlak. Ale šicko v poriadku - Bezpečnosť na prvom mieste 😑

    Mesto Samarkand sme si užili necelý jeden deň, nakoľko sa jednalo o medzizastávku smerom do Buchary. Jedná sa o druhé najväčšie mesto v Uzbekistane, a ponúka veľa krás lahodiac oku. 👀
    Hlavnou atrakciou, na ktorú sme sa pozreli bol Registan. Pekný už na prvý pohľad, no ešte krajší počas noci s decentne nasvietenými stenami.
    Na fotkách som zachytil taktiež bohato zdobené stavby mausolei Shah-i-Zinda. Každa z hrobiek, ktorú sme navštívili mala jedinečne zdobené múry, a ešte zaujimavejšie sa bolo dívať na stropy kupolovitého tvaru, zdobené rôznými vzormi, šľahnuté symetriou. Fakt majstrovské dielo ⚒
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  • Day232

    Samarqand

    November 22, 2019 in Uzbekistan ⋅ ❄️ 0 °C

    Gestern Abend, nach einer nicht so schönen Fahrt, in Samarkand angekommen und auf einem Parkplatz unterhalb vom Observatorium die Nacht verbracht. Auf der Fahrt hatte ich bei mehreren Tankstellen nach Diesel gefragt und erst kurz vor Samarkand welchen bekommen. Heute Morgen liegt Schnee hier und es schneit bei ca 0-1 Grad. Nach dem Frühstück wird die Stadt besichtigt und evtl nach nem Hostel geschaut. Morgen muss sich wieder registriert werden.Read more

  • Day31

    Sogdians, Afrosiab and Genghis Khan

    June 15, 2019 in Uzbekistan ⋅ ⛅ 23 °C

    Our second day in Samarkand started with a visit to a paper making business. It is thought that the secret to paper making reached Uzbekistan via some Chinese prisoners (the Chinese invented paper making). It's a painstaking process, starting with bark stripped from the mulberry tree (a versatile tree - the leaves are fed to silk worms and the fruit to humans).

    As I've previously mentioned, Tamerlane was quite the man of his time, and his descendants certainly carried on in his steed for some generations. His grandson Uleg Beg is best known for his scientific patronage and, in particular, his magnificent observatory, with which he correctly positioned more than 1000 stars. Destroyed by fanatics, part of the underground chamber was discovered by the Soviets in 1938. It shows the arc of the sextant cut into rock. It was a little bit of an anticlimax but the nearby museum provided some useful insights.

    The long history of occupation at Samakand is most evident at Afrosiab, the ancient core of the city which began as a settlement in the 6th century. Excavations have revealed 12 different occupation periods, although the actual site looks like a hilly paddock with a few grassy canals running through. The real evidence is found in the nearby museum. The highlight was definitely the wall murals from the Sogdian period, which depict scenes from the city's Silk Road heyday. Other museum exhibits explained the sequence of civilizations that occupied the area prior to it's almost complete destruction by Genghis Khan. An elongated skull was a particularly interesting curiosity!

    The remainder of our day saw us visiting the mausoleum "alley" of Shakh-I-Zinda and the Bibi-Khanym mosque - both worthy of a separate blog entry.

    We finally managed to find a very pleasant bar (Green Bear), which appeared to be located across the road from a local gambling den! A very pleasant evening, complete with local piano player, a delightful meal and a passable Uzbekistan merlot.
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  • Day5

    Samarqand

    July 18, 2019 in Uzbekistan ⋅ ☀️ 33 °C

    Aka Samarkand. Probably the most famous city on the silk road. Founded almost 3,000 years ago. Served as Tamerlane's capital. Became the empire known as the Mughul empire in India.
    Most of the old city has been destroyed. Only a few buildings remain and those are generally restored. First is the building at the observatory built by Tamerlane's grandson Ulugbeg, and the second is what remains of the largest sextant/quadrant of the 14th century when the Islamic world was the intellectual center. Astronomy done there became the basis for western astronomy. The work was so accurate that they calculated the length of the year to about 1 minute off of current science. Ulugbeg was assassinated by fundamentalists, resulting in the end of the era of Islamic growth and descent into their dark ages.
    Next are a couple of pics of the necropolis of Tamerlane's family built on the site where one of Mohammed's cousins is buried. Last is Tamerlane's own mausoleum.
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  • Day10

    Samarkand, Observatory of Ulugbek

    April 22, 2019 in Uzbekistan ⋅ ⛅ 12 °C

    Last morning in Samarkand! As a goodbye present the weather decided to be indulgent with us and it avoided to rain. However, it's still freezing cold... 😥
    By 9am we are all in the van ready to go.
    We have two stops planned before we start our long drive to Tashkent: the Necropolis and the Observatory. We start with the latter...

    Mr. Furqat drives towards the outskirts of the city and then stops at the feet of a green hill. It's the Observatory of Ulugbek!
    Ulugbek was born in Iran in 1394 and was a grandson of Timur. His real name was different: this is just a nickname. He is the only ruler in the world who was both ruler and astronomer: indeed, he discovered 1018 stars without any optical instruments! 😳

    After this introduction, we start walking up the hill, where the Ulugbek complex is placed. It has two sections: the museum and the Observatory. It's the only observatory in Central Asia and was built in 1424. Unfortunately it was destroyed in the 17th century earthquake. It was a circular 3-storey building with a flat roof. The building was down in the ground, where a huge sextant with an impressive 36-meter diameter was built! The sextant was the ancient version of the telescopes. The observatory was rediscovered in 1908.

    Ulugbek is considered one of the best astronomers of all times and, indeed, most of the scientific works of current astronomers still rely on his calculations. Unfortunately, after Ulugbek's death nobody invested in the observatory. A modern observatory was built by the Uzbek government close to Tashkent and in 2009 it discovered an asteroid.

    After visiting the museum, we proceed to the ruins of the observatory: only the underground part survived the earthquake. We can still see the huge sextant built in the ground.
    To calculate the duration of the year they checked how long it took for a star to go back to the original position using the sextant. And apparently this method works: the final calculation is indeed only 1 minute and 2 seconds longer than the current official year duration! 👏🏻👏🏻👏🏻

    We are about to leave the observatory when Said receives a call from our hotel: apparently somebody didn't give the keys back to the reception. Who could it ever be? OK... Let's start collecting the money for the taxi🤦‍♀️
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