Peru
Quebrada Jarpa Huaylla

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22 travelers at this place

  • Day305

    Inka Salz Pfannen von Maras

    September 18, 2019 in Peru ⋅ ⛅ 7 °C

    Sehr beeindruckend und lecker. Das Salz ist gut und wird überall verkauft. Auch wir in der Pizzeria haben teilweise damit gearbeitet. Viele dieser Salzbecken gehören den ansässigen Familien und werden von ihnen seit Jahrhunderten bearbeitet und weiter vererbt.
    Das Salz entsteht durch die Verdunstung des Mineralreichen Wassers und das in aller Ruhe, durch die Pfannen läuft. Schon die Inkas haben das genutzt wie auch schon ihre Verfahren. Um die Tausend Jahre wird hier schon Salz gewonnen. Genial und überwältigen schön.
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  • Day251

    Salineras de Maras (Salzminen) 1/2 Tag

    May 4, 2019 in Peru ⋅ ☀️ 14 °C

    Nach einer Nacht in Maras stehen wir morgen früh auf und machen uns auf den Weg zu den Salineras, den höchstgelegenen Salzminen der Welt (3380m). Der Wanderweg ist einfach,geht praktisch nur Berg runter. Eine Stunde und wir stehen vor einem Labyrinth aus Salzbecken, die sich auf steilen Gebirgsterrassen befinden.

    Auf dem Weg zu den Salzbecken gibt es viele kleine Verkaufsstände, bei denen überwiegend kleine Salzsäckchen und schöne handgefertigte Skulpturen aus Salz angeboten werden. Wir kaufen uns ein paar Säckchen Bade- und Rosa Salz (Maras ist einer der 4 Orten auf der ganzen Welt wo das Rosa Salz produziert wird).

    Dieses Labyrinth aus Salzbecken und Salzterassen wurde von den Inkas mit Menschehand erschaffen und ist inzwischen ca. 2000 Jahre alt. Das wertvolle Salz wurde als Weißes Gold der Inkas oder Weißes Gold der Anden gehandelt. Im 16. Jahrhundert plünderten jedoch die spanischen Eroberer die Silber- und Salzvorkommen Perus.

    Die Salzgewinnung heute erfolgt immer noch wie zu Zeiten der Inkas. Die Salzbecken von Maras werden zu Beginn der Saison gereinigt. Jeder Salzbauer hat ca. 5 bis 10 Salzbecken. Die Arbeit der Salzbauern beginnt mit Sonnenaufgang und endet mit dem Sonnenuntergang – 7 Tage die Woche.

    Das stark salzhaltige Wasser für die Salzgewinnung kommt aus dem umliegenden Gebirgsmassiv und fließt in extra dafür angelegten und ausgeklügelten Kanalsystemen in kleinen Rinnsalen in sehr flache Becken.

    Die Sonne und die trockene Luft sorgt dafür, dass der Großteil des Wassers schnell verdunstet. In den Becken bleiben eine breiige Salzmasse, und die kostbare Kruste mit weißen Salzkristallen zurück. Die Salzkruste wird eingesammelt, getrocknet und zu Salz-Granulat verarbeitet.

    Heute sind die mehr als 3000 Salzbecken auf 700-800 Familien aufgeteilt, die sich in Form von Cooperativen organisieren. Teilweise werden die Salzbecken schon über mehrere Generationen weitervererbt.
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  • Day154

    More amazing stuff

    November 4, 2018 in Peru ⋅ 🌧 20 °C

    After yesterday's post, our tour of Cusco continued. Our next stop was to San Pedro Market, then lunch in the Plaza de Armas, the main square. After lunch, we toured the Cusco Cathedral.

    Our final stop of the day was across the street from the hotel. Qorikancha: Incan religious temple, Catholic built convent on site, 1650 a.d. earthquake brought down Spanish architechture but Incan stayed up. Outside niche was for gold statue of the sun that Spanish stole (gone forever).

    It was a drizzly evening, so I a couple of others had dinner at the hotel. I had a traditional dish called Caldo de Gallina, which is basically chicken noodle soup.

    After breakfast, we loaded the vans for our two-day trip to Machu Picchu. But that's for tomorrow. Today, we stopped at a demonstration on how they make textiles from sheep, llama, etc. wool. Next was the Chinchero archeological site and cathedral, followed by a picturesque mountainside wine stop set up by the tour company.

    We're now at the Maras Salt Mines, about 5,000 pools all gravity fed from the salty stream coming out if he mountain.

    The Incan legend is that three brothers set out to travel the world together, but the two younger were afraid of the eldest, so they convinced him to go inside a mountain cave. They then trapped him and went on about their way. However, they were still fearful of their strong brother, so they went back to the mountain to see if he was still trapped. When they turned back to the mountain, they were transformed into pillars of gold, and thus was the end of the two younger brothers. In the meantime, the eldest brother had escaped the mountain, but in the form of a huge condor. About that time, the fourth and very youngest brother had begun his travels. Because the eldest brother held no fury against the youngest, he helped him with his toils, and that youngest brother became the first Inca King. The eldest brother returned to the top of his mountain trap and was sad at the loss of his two younger siblings. His salty tears now flow from the mountain. The Inca Nation began harvesting this salt so very long ago, and the people of Maras continued to do so today.

    So long [for now] and thanks for all the fish. ✌️

    P.S.: We had a nice surprise this morning, a military parade in front of the hotel heading to the main square. Apparently they do this every Sunday to raise the Peru and Cusco flags in front of the cathedral.
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  • Day41

    Salineras of Maras

    November 9, 2017 in Peru ⋅ ⛅ 20 °C

    The salt is formed by evaporation of the spring water that flows out of the hill nearby. The water temperature is about 21-22 degrees C. This heating is due to the volcanic activity below the earth. Due to the heated water, salt from prehistoric salt tubes below the earth melts and runs with the water out to this place.
    The Incas created a system of about 3000 terraced pools to store the water and let it evaporate with the heat of the sun during the dry season. The salt fields are worked with exactly the same technique as the Incas were using. In fact, it is the descendents of the workers that used to work during the Inca times that still work here.
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  • Day32

    Marasal

    December 24, 2018 in Peru ⋅ 🌧 20 °C

    Pre-Incan salt works now operated by the community of Maras, hence the name. They have been making salt here for thousands of years. This is not a mine. It is a natural salt spring where volcanically warmed salt laden water flows out of a single spring. The salt water is directed to various basins where the water evaporates and crystalized salt is harvested. The first 3 pics are various views over the drying operation. The 4th pic looks from the drying pools to the spring house, then the spring house and finally the spring itself.Read more

  • Day27

    Perú, Moray e Maras

    August 24, 2018 in Peru ⋅ ☀️ 21 °C

    O caminho de volta de Santa Teresa para Cusco é mais ou menos nosso conhecido. Até Ollantaytambo já o tínhamos percorrido na direção oposta. Um pouco antes de lá chegarmos paramos um pouco e... bolas... um pneu furado. No fim do dia, este pneu custou-nos um pneu novo e horas de luz para vermos Moray com a calma de que gostamos. Mas, paragem feita em Ollantaytambo para regatear um gorro para trazer de recordação e reaver a mala que tínhamos deixado no hostel, fizemonos ao caminho para as minas de sal de Maras. A água percorre a montanha internamente e leva o sal para as salinas preparadas em socalcos na encosta da montanha. O caminho de Maras para Moray é rico em paisagens e pessoas. É aqui que vemos o Perú rural onde as crianças rolam no chão com os animais e as mulheres usam chapéus altos parecidos com os das bolivianas. Estes porém, já não ficam encarrapitados nas cabeças e nem todos são escuros. Algumas mulheres usam chapéus brancos que mostram exatamente onde são tocados diariamente com as mais de manusear a terra vermelha. É um fim de dia fantástico em tons de rosa e vermelho onde de quando em vez se vê o cume dos Andes cheio de neve.Read more

  • Day18

    Sidste dag i Cusco: Sacred Valley

    July 25, 2018 in Peru ⋅ ☀️ 16 °C

    Vi sluttede vores besøg i Cusco med en speed-rundvisning af Sacred Valley i skønt vejr. Her fik vi set lidt flere ruiner og et biologisk forsøgscenter (Moray) hvor Inkaerne angiveligt har forsøgt at vænne forskellige planter til at vokse i nye højder. Derefter gik turen til Salinas de Maras, et stort område til saltudvinding fra en underjordisk kilde.
    Turen sluttede med et besøg i Pisac, hvor endnu en imponerende inka-bebyggelse findes. Vi sagde farvel til vores hyggelige lille hostel og udsigten fra terrassen, nu går turen mod junglen!
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Quebrada Jarpa Huaylla

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